Family Inpatient Rehab Treatment for Parents and Children
Parents struggling with addiction may worry about being separated from their children if they need to attend rehab. However, there are facilities that may offer family inpatient rehab and other treatment programs geared towards parents and children.
Substance use disorders (SUDs), the clinical term for addiction, can take a profound toll on families and especially children. Learning about the options for treatment and researching rehabs near you can help you overcome obstacles that may be standing in the way of recovery. This can allow you to get started on the path to a healthier, happier, and substance-free life.
Drug and Alcohol Addiction Among Parents
SUDs can affect anyone, and there is no single factor that determines whether someone will become addicted to drugs or alcohol.2 There are, however, certain risk factors that may increase the chance that taking drugs will lead to addiction. Risk factors may include:
- Early substance use: If you started using drugs or alcohol at a young age, you may have an increased risk of addiction later in life.2
- Home and family: This includes several considerations, such as the environment you live in now or in which you grew up, if you come from an abusive or unstable home, or if your parents engaged in substance use.2
- The way you use the substance: Using certain substances in specific ways, such as injecting or smoking, can increase the addictive effects.2
- Genetics: While research is ongoing, studies show evidence that genetic variations contribute to the risk for alcohol dependence and cocaine addiction.3, 4
- Having a co-occurring mental health disorder: Anyone with a mental health disorder, such as anxiety or depression, can have a higher risk of substance abuse.4
Millions of children in the United States are impacted by parental substance abuse. Based on combined data from the 2009–2014 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) reports that around:5
- 1 in 10 children lived in households with a parent who had a past-year alcohol use disorder.
- 1 in 8 children lived in households with a parent who had a past-year substance use disorder.
- 1 in 35 children lived in households with a parent who had a past-year illicit drug use disorder.
Does Insurance Cover Rehab for Parents and Children?
It is important to check your coverage before you decide on a treatment program for you or a loved one. Health insurance often covers at least part, if not all, of a stay in a rehab facility. The Affordable Care Act considers treatment for SUDs an essential health benefit on par with medical and surgical procedures.1 If you are interested in starting the path to recovery with family rehab, you can check your insurance by calling your provider or checking online by filling out the form below.
Fear, Stigma, and Other Barriers to Seeking Treatment
Parents, and especially single mothers, may worry about different factors when it comes to seeking addiction treatment. Some of the common barriers for parents when seeking addiction treatment may include:6, 7
- A lack of attention to the importance of relationships.
- A lack of childcare or access to other resources that make it possible for parents to attend treatment.
- A lack of suitable treatment options, like rehab for single moms.
- Family demands.
- Fear of criminal justice consequences.
- Fear that their child might be taken away from them if they attend treatment.
- Roles that women must take on in their families.
A 2015 survey found that nearly 74% of pregnant women feared being identified as substance abusers, with one of the main reasons being afraid that they might lose custody of their children.6 Despite these fears, some mothers in this survey reported that their fear motivated them to be honest with healthcare practitioners and seek help.7
Family Residential Treatment for Parents
Family residential treatment can be a beneficial option for parents struggling with addiction. This type of rehab may allow parents to remain with their children while they undergo treatment for SUDs in a residential setting. These types of programs are designed to meet both the needs of parents and the needs of their children; parents can continue their parenting responsibilities, bond with their children, and receive childcare while they participate in treatment.
You and your family may participate in and receive a wide range of services and treatments during family residential treatment for parents, including:7
- Anger management classes.
- Child development education.
- Employment readiness education.
- Life skills classes.
- Mental health and trauma services.
- Parenting classes and support.
- Preventative services.
- Substance use counseling.
You may also participate in family therapies, such as Community Reinforcement Approach and Family Training (CRAFT), which focuses on teaching coping skills to family members and helps increase motivation to enter treatment.
Benefits of Family Residential Inpatient Treatment
Some of the benefits that families may expect from participating in family residential inpatient treatment include:7-10
- Decreased likelihood of children moving to foster care.
- Early identification and treatment of mental health disorders in children, such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or depression.
- Improved family functioning.
- Improved mental health.
- Improved parenting.
- Reduced risk of relapse.
- Removal of distractions from daily life, so you can focus on recovery and your relationship with your children.
- Safe housing.
- Structured programs.
Other Types of Treatment Options for Parents
When family residential treatment is not possible, parents and families can benefit from other types of treatment for SUDs. This might include options such as inpatient rehab, outpatient rehab, dual diagnosis treatment, or sober living homes. These forms of treatment provide effective therapies for SUDs, which typically include behavioral therapies designed to modify the behavior and thought patterns that contributed to the addiction.
In addition to the treatments above, you may also participate in therapies such as:11
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) to help you recognize and cope with substance use triggers so you can avoid relapse.
- Motivational interviewing (MI) to help increase your motivation to enter treatment and to make positive changes to your life.
- Multidimensional family therapy (MFT) to help address family issues related to the addiction and improve family functioning.
Inpatient Rehab for Parents
Inpatient rehab for parents offers 24/7 supervised care in a comfortable, safe setting so you can focus on recovery. Inpatient rehab provides intensive, structured care and therapy for SUDs and may be beneficial for those with more severe SUDs or co-occurring mental health disorders.
Inpatient means you live at a facility for the duration of treatment. This form of care can occur on different levels, such as hospitalization, longer-term forms of care, and short-term residential approaches. You may undergo detox if detox is needed or attend inpatient treatment before transitioning to outpatient rehab for continued care.11
Outpatient Rehab for Parents
Outpatient rehab can be a beneficial option for parents who have completed an inpatient rehab program or those who cannot commit to an inpatient stay due to other responsibilities like childcare or work. With this type of rehab, patients live at home and go to treatment at a facility several times per week.11
The intensity of the levels of care varies based on the person’s needs. Common levels of outpatient rehab care include:11
- Standard outpatient.
- Intensive outpatient (IOP).
- Partial hospitalization (PHP).
Outpatient rehab may be a good option for someone who has gone through the detox process and stabilized and/or someone who is transitioning from inpatient rehab. Depending on you or your loved one’s needs, you can attend therapy once a week or several times a week in individual or group therapy settings. Some individuals may start in an IOP or PHP and transition to a standard outpatient program.12
Dual Diagnosis for Parents
Some parents may struggle with an SUD and mental health disorder(s). This is known as dual diagnosis and means that someone has two or more conditions presenting at the same time or one after the other. SUDs and mental health conditions, such as anxiety or depression, are common comorbidities. Dual diagnosis treatment provides a tailored program to address both conditions.
Dual diagnosis treatment may involve the previously mentioned therapies, as well as other modalities, such as:13
- Assertive community treatment (ACT), which is a form of integrated, community-based mental health treatment that can address both disorders.
- Contingency management (CM), which provides positive reinforcement for engaging in healthy behaviors.
- Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), which is designed to reduce self-harm, suicidal behavior, and substance use.
- Medication to treat the mental health condition. Certain medications have also been approved to treat addiction to opioids or alcohol.
Sober Living Homes for Families
Sober living homes are alcohol- and drug-free residences for individuals recovering from SUDs. Sober living homes differ from rehab centers as rehab centers generally offer an intensive recovery experience in a structured environment. Sober living homes generally allow residents to come and go so long as they follow certain rules such as adhering to a curfew and demonstrating ongoing sobriety.
Sober living for mother and child can be a beneficial way of maintaining the parental bond while focusing on recovery. These facilities typically offer treatment services at a separate location. Sober living homes typically encourage participation in self-help groups like Alcoholics Anonymous or Narcotics Anonymous as a way of receiving support and to help people maintain sobriety.14
How to Find Rehab Centers for Parents and Children Near Me
If you are looking for a family rehab center near you, you have several options. It is important to carefully consider the different types of treatment programs available to ensure you and your family members’ needs are met. You may find there is not an appropriate treatment program in your area for families. If there are programs nearby, consider the pros and cons of a local program versus traveling out of state. Some popular states include California, Florida, New Jersey, and Texas. You can use our rehab directory to search by location or call us to discuss your needs.
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- Abraham, A. J., Andrews, C. M., Grogan, C. M., D’Aunno, T., Humphreys, K. N., Pollack, H. A., & Friedmann, P. D. (2017). The affordable care act transformation of substance use disorder treatment. American journal of public health, 107(1), 31–32.
- NIDA. (2020, July). Drugs, brains, and behavior: the science of addiction: drug misuse and addiction.
- Edenberg, H. J., & Foroud, T. (2013). Genetics and alcoholism. Nature reviews. Gastroenterology & hepatology, 10(8), 487–494.
- Ducci, F., & Goldman, D. (2012). The genetic basis of addictive disorders. The Psychiatric clinics of North America, 35(2), 495–519.
- Lipari, R.N. and Van Horn, S.L. (2017, August 24). Children living with parents who have a substance use disorder. The CBHSQ Report: August 24, 2017. Rockville, MD: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
- Stone, R. (2015). Pregnant women and substance use: fear, stigma, and barriers to care. Health & Justice, 3, 2.
- Werner, D., Young, N.K., Dennis, K, & Amatetti, S. (2007). Family-centered treatment for women with substance use disorders – history, key elements and challenges. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
- Sparks, S. & Tisch, R. (2018, April 19). A family-centered program to break the cycle of addiction. Families in society, 99 (2), 100-109.
- Zweben, J. E., Moses, Y., Cohen, J. B., Price, G., Chapman, W., & Lamb, J. (2015). Enhancing family protective factors in residential treatment for substance use disorders. Child welfare, 94(5), 145–166.
- Kourgiantakis, T., & Ashcroft, R. (2018). Family-focused practices in addictions: a scoping review protocol. BMJ open, 8(1), e019433.
- NIDA. (2019). Treatment approaches for drug addiction drugFacts.
- NIDA. (2020). Types of treatment programs.
- NIDA. (2018, January). Comorbidity: substance use disorders and other mental illnesses: DrugFacts.
- Korcha, R.A., Polcin, D.L., Mericle, A.A., & Bond, J. (2015). Sober living houses: research in northern and southern California. Addiction science & clinical practice, 10 (1), A30.